BENISSILI, mentioned in some texts with the forms Benicelim, Benicilim, Benixilim and Benijilim, belonged to the barony of Alcalà until around 1838. Since the parish dismemberment of 1574 it has been a part of the parish of Alpatró. From the Arabic /Bani Sàlim/, the name of the family or clan that founded the initial farmhouse.

The village is located at the easternmost part of La Vall de Gallinera, at an altitude of about 400 metres above sea level, thereby being the highest village in the valley, located over the Gallinera ravine and with a population of 37 inhabitants (according to a 2019 census).

Historically, Benissili belonged to the barony of Alcalà. This barony belonged to the Valleriola lineage since 1404. Nicolau de Valleriola established a link to the said barony and made it a condition that the heirs should take the name and coat of arms of the Valleriola family. Therefore, when Nicolau’s daughter, Violant, married Joan Guillem Català, baron of Planes, her descendants adopted the name Català de Valleriola. For much of the 17th century, due to a conflict about succession, it remained subject to two manors, undivided. Then, at the end of the 17th century, it passed over to the house of the counts of Real, and it was not until the definitive dissolution of the manors, halfway through the 19th century, when it became a part of the municipality of La Vall de Gallinera.

Benissili is located on an almost circular piece of land, which with a gentle slope communicates with the ravine of the valley, reaching almost the same level, towards the thrashing squares along Carrer del Pont. In the lowest and most westerly part of the village there are three ravines, the union of which creates a gorge embedded in the northern part of the village. The royal road that ran parallel to the embedded ravine entered from the northernmost point and crossed it to form the main street (Carrer Major), towards the exit of the village through the school zone, facing from there the end of the valley above this piece of land, in the direction of La Casilla, the old guesthouse on the road to Planes.

According to the charter of Benissili (1611), in the threshing square of Batre, after the threshing, the division of the harvest had to cover the tithe for the church, the part for the lord of the manor and the salary of the guardian of the area, which had to be paid by the vassals of the manor of Alcalà. It is not surprising, therefore, to see that Benissili has preserved several threshing areas around the village. At the entrance to the village, next to the cemetery, there are two of them, and where the fountain and the washing place stand, there was another one that now serves as a square. More can be found around the village.

The church of Benissili, dedicated to Saint Pasqual Bailón, consists of a nave with four sections and with connected chapels between buttresses, covered with a barrel vault reinforced underneath with arches that rest on Corinthian order pilasters between which the side chapels are located. It does not have a transept, and the sacristy is located in the left sector of the chevette. The bell tower is at the foot of the temple, on the Epistle side, square in shape and made up of two parts and a cylindrical top. The door of the temple has a simple decoration made of mouldings and a layout in the shape of a segmental arch.

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